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Table 4 Cost analysis of different solar stills

From: A comprehensive decade review and analysis on designs and performance parameters of passive solar still

S. no. References Type of still Productivity Water production cost per liter
1. Samee et al. (2007) Single slope single basin solar still 1.7 l/day/0.54 m2 0.196 $/l
2. Kabeel (2009) Concave wick basin pyramidal-shaped solar still 4.0 l/m2/day 0.065 $/l
3. Wassouf et al. (2011) Pyramidal and triangular prism-shaped solar still Average 1.8 l/m2/day 0.046 and 0.063 $/l for pyramidal and triangular prism-shaped solar still
4. Rajamanickam and Ragupathy (2012) Double slope solar still 3.07 l/m2/day 0.217 $/l
5. Arunkumar et al. (2012) Hemispherical solar still 4.2 l/m2/day 0.017 $/l
6. Ahsan et al. (2014) Triangular solar still 1.6 l/m2/day 0.072 $/l
7. Rajaseenivasan and Murugavel (2013) Single and double basin double slope solar still 4.75 and 2.56 l/m2/day for double basin and single basin still 0.088 and 0.11 $/l for double basin and single basin still
8. Arunkumar et al. (2013b) Compound parabolic concentrator concentric tubular solar still with water cooling 2.5 l/m2/day 0.015 $/l
9. Suneesh et al. (2014) Cotton gauge top cover cooling V-type solar still 4.3 l/m2/day 0.170 $/l
10. Velmurugan et al. (2008) Fin type solar still 2.77 l/m2/day 0.192 $/l
11. Dev et al. (2011) Inverted absorber solar still Average 4.0 l/m2/day 0.11 $/l
12. Somwanshi and Tiwari (2014) Single basin, water cooled cover solar still Average 2.17 l/m2/day 0.06 $/l
13. Elango et al. (2015) Single basin single slope solar still with nanofluids 3.8 l/m2/day 0.095 $/l
14. Omara et al. (2014) Stepped solar still with reflectors Average 6.0 l/m2/day 0.088 $/l
15. El-Algouz (2014) Stepped solar still with water circulation 5.23 l/m2/day 0.19 $/l