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Table 2 Comparison between different MPPT algorithms (V voltage, I current, Ir irradiance)

From: A review study of photovoltaic array maximum power tracking algorithms

  MPPT technique PV array dependence True MPPT Analog/digital Periodic tuning Convergence speed Implementation complexity Sensors
1. Hill-climbing P&O (Sera et al. 2006; Busa et al. 2012; Jusoh et al. 2014; Kamarzaman and Tan 2014) No Yes Both No Vary Low V and I
2. Incremental conductance (Esram and Chapman 2007; Yadav et al. 2012; Rashid 2011; Zainudin and Mekhilef 2010; Jusoh et al. 2014; Kamarzaman and Tan 2014) No Yes Digital No Vary Medium V and I
3. Fractional Voc (Kumari and Babu 2011; Lee 2011; Jusoh et al. 2014; Kamarzaman and Tan 2014) Yes No Both Yes Medium Low V
4. Fractional Isc (Kumari and Babu 2011; Lee 2011; Jusoh et al. 2014; Kamarzaman and Tan 2014) Yes No Both Yes Medium Medium I
5. Fuzzy logic control (Ali et al. 2012; Rezaei and Gholamian 2013; Takun et al. 2011; Rahmani et al. 2013; Jusoh et al. 2014; Kamarzaman and Tan 2014). Yes Yes Digital Yes Fast High Varies
6. Neural network (Ali et al. 2012; Kamarzaman and Tan 2014) Yes Yes Digital Yes Fast High Varies
7. RCC (Ali et al. 2012; Jusoh et al. 2014) No Yes Analog No Fast Low V and I
8. Current weep (Ali et al. 2012) Yes Yes Digital Yes Slow High V and I
9. DC link capacitor droop control (Ali et al. 2012) No No Both No Medium Low V
10. Load I or V maximization (Ali et al. 2012) No No Analog No Fast Low V and I
11. dP/dV or dP/dI feedback control (Ali et al. 2012) No Yes Digital No Fast Medium V and I
12. β method (Ali et al. 2012) Yes Yes Digital No Fast High V and I
13. System oscillation method (Ali et al. 2012) Yes Yes Analog No N/A Low V
14. Constant voltage tracker (Ali et al. 2012; Coelho et al. 2010) Yes No Digital Yes Medium Low V
15. Lookup table method (Ali et al. 2012; Abdulmajeed et al. 2013) Yes Yes Digital Yes Fast Medium V, I, T, and Ir
16. Online MPP search algorithm (Ali et al. 2012) No Yes Digital No Fast High V and I
17. Array reconfiguration (Ali et al. 2012; Israel 2015) Yes No Digital Yes Slow High V and I
18. Linear current control (Ali et al. 2012) Yes No Digital Yes Fast Medium Ir
19. IMPP and VMPP computation (Morales 2010) Yes Yes Digital Yes N/A Medium Ir and T
20. State based MPPT (Ali et al. 2012) Yes Yes Both Yes Fast High V and I
21. OCC MPPT (Ali et al. 2012) Yes No Both Yes Fast Medium I
22. BFV (Ali et al. 2012) Yes No Both Yes N/A Low None
23. LRCM (Esram and Chapman 2007) Yes No Digital No N/A High V and I
24. Slide control (Esram and Chapman 2007; Ali et al. 2012; Tse et al. 2002; Chen 2011; Reported issued by National Instruments 2009; Faranda and Leva 2008; Walker et al. 2011; Ji et al. 2009; Khatib et al. 2010; Jain and Agarwa 2007; Sera et al. 2006; Busa et al. 2012; Yadav et al. 2012; Rashid 2011; Zainudin and Mekhilef 2010; Kumari and Babu 2011; Lee 2011; Rezaei and Gholamian 2013; Takun et al. 2011; Rahmani et al. 2013; Coelho et al. 2010; Abdulmajeed et al. 2013; Israel 2015; Morales 2010; Ghazanfari and Farsangi 2013) No Yes Digital No Fast Medium V and I
25. Temperature method (Ali et al. 2012; Faranda and Leva 2008; Brito et al. 2013) Yes Yes Digital Yes Medium Low V and T
26. IC Based On PI (Brito et al. March 2013; Lyden and Haque 2015) No Yes Digital No Fast Medium V & I
27. Three point weight comparison (Ali et al. 2012)(Walker et al. 2011; Jiang et al. 2005). No Yes Digital No Low Low V and I
28. POS control (Ali et al. 2012) No Yes Digital No N/A Low I
29. Biological swarm chasing MPPT (Ali et al. 2012) No Yes Digital No Varies High V, I, T and Ir,
30. Variable inductor MPPT (Ali et al. 2012) No Yes Digital No Varies Medium V and I
31. INR method (Ali et al. 2012) No Yes Digital No High Medium V and I
32. Parasitic capacitances (Zainudin and Mekhilef 2010; Rekioua and Matagne 2012; Hohm and Ropp 2003). No Yes Analog No High Low V and I
33. dP-P&O MPPT (Sera et al. 2006; Mastromauro et al. 2012) No Yes Digital No High Medium V and I
34. Modified INC algorithm (Mastromauro et al. 2012) No Yes Digital No Medium High V and I
35. Pilot cell (Kumar et al. 2013) Yes No Both Yes Medium Low V and I
36. Modified Perturb and Observe (Liu et al. 2004) No Yes Digital No High Medium V and I
37. Estimate, Perturb and Perturb (Liu et al. 2004; Yafaoui et al. 2007) No Yes Digital No High Medium V and I
38. Numerical method quadratic interpolation (QI) (Hu et al. 2009) No Yes Digital No High Medium V and I
39. MPP locus characterization (Israel 2015) (Vladimir et al. 2009)   Yes    High Low V and I
40. CVT + INC CON (P&O) + VSS method (Go et al. 2011) Yes Yes Both No High Medium V
41. Piecewise linear approximation with temperature compensated method (Yang and Yan 2013) Yes Yes Both Yes High Low V, I, T, and Ir,
42. Particle swarm optimization PSO algorithm (Mandour and Elamvazuthi 2013; Lyden and Haque 2015) No Yes Digital No High Low V and I
43. PSO-INC structure (Mandour and Elamvazuthi 2013) No Yes Digital No High Low V and I
44. Dual carrier chaos search algorithm (Zhou et al. 2012) No Yes Digital No High Medium V and I
45. Algorithm for stimulated annealing (SA) (Rahman et al. 2013) Yes Yes Digital No High High V and I
46. VH-P&O MPPT algorithm (Abdalla et al. 2011) No Yes Digital No Medium Medium V
47. Artificial neural network (ANN) based P&O MPPT (Amrouche et al. 2007; Kamarzaman and Tan 2014) No Yes Both No High Medium V and I
48. Ant colony algorithm (Qiang and Nan 2013) No Yes Digital No High Medium V and I
49. Variable DC link voltage algorithm (Lee and Lee 2013) No Yes Digital No Medium Medium V
50. Extremum seeking control method (ESC) (Reisi et al. 2013) No Yes Both No Fast Medium V and I
51. Gauss–Newton method (Xiao et al. 2007) No Yes Digital No Fast Low V and I
52. Steepest-descent method (Xiao et al. 2007) No Yes Digital No Fast Medium V and I
53. Analytic method (Rodriguez and Amaratunga 2007) Yes No Both Yes Medium High V and I
54. Azab method (Azab 2008) Yes Yes Digital Yes Medium Low
55. Newton-like extremum seeking control method (Zazo et al. 2012) No Yes Analog No Fast High V
56. Sinusoidal extremum seeking control method (Leyva and Olalla 2012) No Yes Analog Yes Fast High V and I
57. low-power (<1 W) (Lapeña et al. 2010) Yes Yes Analog No Fast Low V
58. GA-optimized ANN (Kulaksiz and Akkaya 2012) No Yes Digital Yes Fast High V, T and Ir
59. Differential evolution (DE) (Kamarzaman and Tan 2014) No Yes Digital No Fast Low V and I
60. Ripple correlation control (Lyden and Haque 2015) No No   No Fast Low
61. Chaos search (Lyden and Haque 2015) No Yes   No Fast Medium
62. Simulated annealing (Lyden and Haque 2015) No Yes   No Varies Low/moderate