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Table 5 Results for 33-bus system with DG at upf

From: Cost–benefit analysis for optimal DG placement in distribution systems by using elephant herding optimization algorithm

  Without DG Method (Murthy and Kumar 2013) Method in Dinakara Prasad Reddy et al. (2017) Proposed method
DG location 16 6 30
DG size (kW) 1000 2590.2 1544.5
Total real power loss (TLP) (kW) 211 136.7533 111.0338 125.2
Total reactive power (TLR) loss (kVAR) 143 92.6599 81.6859 89.3
Vmin (p.u.) 0.904 0.9318 0.9424 0.9272
Cost of energy losses ($) 16982.6 11,007.9 8930.65 10,067.3
Cost of PDG ($/MW h) 20.25 52.05 31.15