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Table 3 Characteristics of the PV panel

From: Energy storage system design for large-scale solar PV in Malaysia: techno-economic analysis

Parameter Value Unit References
Operating temperature 47 °C HOMER Pro
Efficiency 19 % Solar panel efficiency | Solar System Malaysia (2012)
Derating factor 80 % PV Derating Factor (2018)
Lifetime 25 Years HOMER Pro
Energy cost 727 USD/kWh SEDA (2016)
Performance degradation 1 % Ye et al. (2014)